Well I won’t get into the whole education system from kindergarten but instead just what would be relevant to Kenyans migrating after their KCSE in Kenya.You can read about the whole system here: German Education System Simplified.
This must be the easiest of all the rest, considering the only major requirement is money in an account or sponsor. To apply for a visa for this purpose you need to find a language school in Germany not necessarily Goethe though it has to be reputable (some Bundesländer do not approve the language courses at the VHS so check with your Auslandsamt before that. The embassy in Nairobi does approve visas for those that enrol to VHS, I guess the problem is if you’re changing from Au Pair to language school but that differs from one Bund to the other so if you’re here please confirm with the Auslandsamt before you set all your plans on going to the VHS.
This is the equivalent to an apprenticeship, whereby you get togo to school for the theory while you simultaneously work to pick up the practical. You still get to have a few interships to try out different sectors of your field before you complete the Ausbildung.
After the Ausbildung you have the option to “bridge” to University, depending on your field you can either join Uni directly afterwards or after another 2year course to become a “Meister”. More often than not, people do get jobs right after their Ausbildung but that depends a lot of the field and the area you’re based in due the supply-demand rule. The further learning is nice but it doesn’t necessarily mean you’ll move higher in the corprate ladder eventually; of course the higher level of education does in most cases ensure a higher starting salary but what matters most is that you like what you do and are good at what you do. Everyday is a learning day anyway.
– Any grade in your KCSE but it needs to be converted to the german equivalent by the “Anerkennungsstelle” in your Region/Bundesland. This can only be done when you are in Germany
– Good enough german to be able to communicate, atleast a B1 or B2
Germany recently converted their University system to the universal Bachelor-Master system from the former Diplom. There have been many discussions about which is better but that’s a discussion for another day.